Section 1

On the succession of ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan, son of Sultan Sa’id, to the throne of the khanate

The narrative begins here with the death of Saʿid Khan, who had regrouped a branch of the Chaghatayid line around a new royal court in Yarkand. His death is dated to 1533, while on a campaign into Tibet. The first paragraph here recapitulates information provided in the Tarikh-i Rashidi about the purge of officials carried out by Saʿid Khan’s son and successor, ʿAbd a-Rashid Khan. Mahmud Churas’ own account begins in the second paragraph, listing the many sons of ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan.

While ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan was in Aqsu, Sultan Saʿid Khan died on his way to Tibet. He came from Aqsu and took up the position of his father. When news of the khan’s death reached Mansur Khan, he sent troops out against Aqsu. ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan stood up to him, and Mansur Khan had to return without achieving his goal. ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan also went back to the seat of his sultanate. Mansur Khan did the same thing on several occasions, but ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan always came through with glory. When the murder of Sayyid Muhammad Mirza occurred, the amirs who were in the service of the Khan became anxious. They felt there was no longer any security, and Mirza Ali Taghay, who was from the [47a] Dughlat clan, fled to Qarategin. The other amirs took some of the Khan’s offspring and left for Hotan, where they declared their open opposition to ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan. All the commoners went out to greet [the Khan on his return], but a certain number of the amirs remained inside the citadel. They bound these (10) and brought them before the Khan. The Khan spared their lives and ordered them into exile.

The sons and grandsons of Saʿid Khan
The sons and grandsons of Saʿid Khan

The honourable wife of ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan was named Chüchük Khanim. This Chüchük Khanim was the daughter of Sultan Adik, the son of Jani Beg the Kazakh. Her mother was the wife of this Sultan, Nigar Khanim, who was the fourth daughter of Yunus Khan. Six sons were born to Chüchük Khanim, the first was Sultan ʿAbd al-Latif; the second ʿAbd al-Karim Khan; the third Sultan ʿAbd al-Rahman, who suffered martyrdom at the hands of the Tibetans while ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan was still alive; the fourth was Sultan Ibrahim, known as Sufi Sultan; the fifth Hazrat Muhammad Khan; the sixth Sultan Abu Sa’id. Another six sons were born to ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan: the seventh was Sultan Quraysh; the eighth Sultan Muhammad Baqi; the ninth Sultan Muhammad Shah; the tenth Sultan Yunus; the eleventh Sultan ʿAbdullah; the twelfth Hazrat ʿAbd al-Rahim Khan.

Sultan ʿAbd al-Latif was the eldest son of ʿAbd al-Rashid Khan. [His father] sent him to rule as amir of Aqsu and Uch, and he controlled Moghulistan. He assigned Sultan Sufi to Kashgar, and Amir Muhammad of the Barlas served as his chief advisor. He sent Sultan Quraysh to govern Hotan. An account of each of these will be provided in its proper place, God willing.